1. The Egyptian collection
The British Museum is one of the most important museums in the world for its collection of Egyptian objects. This collection consists of over 120,000 objects, spanning over 4,000 years of ancient Egyptian history. The British Museum’s Egyptian collection is the largest and most comprehensive in the world and includes some of ancient Egypt’s most iconic artifacts, such as the Rosetta Stone. The Rosetta Stone is a block of granite from the 25th Dynasty of Egypt, dating back to 196 BC. The stone is important because it is inscribed with the text of Ptolemy’s Decree, an edict granting all Egyptian temples freedom of worship. The stele was discovered in 1799 by a French soldier who was demolishing a fort in the city of Rosetta, Egypt. The Rosetta Stone was moved to the British Museum in 1802 and has guided scholars in deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphics, a process that has led to an understanding of ancient Egyptian history and culture. The Gayer-Anderson Cat is a bronze figure of the goddess Bastet, who was usually depicted as a cat-headed woman or in the form of a cat. The main cult center of her was Bubastis in the Nile delta. Bastet was a mother goddess and a benign counterpart to the more aggressive lion goddess Sekhmet. The cat dates to the Late Period of Ancient Egypt, around 600 BC. It is named after Major Robert Grenville Gayer-Anderson, who donated the statue to the British Museum in 1939.
2. The Greek collection
The British Museum is one of the largest and most famous museums in the world, boasting a rich collection of art and artefacts from around the world. The Greek collection is particularly remarkable and includes some of the most important artifacts of antiquity. Among the works not to be missed in the Greek collection, there is the Stele of Paris, one of the most important testimonies of Greek culture from the 5th century BC. The stele, which represents a scene of duels, was created to commemorate a real event and offers an extraordinary example of Greek sculpture of the period. Other must-see works from the Greek collection include the Parthenon pediment, the head of Pericles’ mentor, one of the most important statues of the classical period, and the Rosetta Stone, one of the most important artifacts for the study of antiquity.
3. The Etruscan collection
The British Museum is one of London’s great cultural institutions, and its Etruscan collection is one of its hidden gems. The Etruscan collection includes over 9,000 objects, ranging from funerary stelae to gold earrings, and tells the story of the Etruscan civilization from 1100 BC until its fall in the 1st century BC. The Etruscans were a people who lived in central Italy, and the their civilization was one of the most influential of antiquity. Their language and religion were one of the first to influence the Greek world, and their style of architecture and craftsmanship had a profound impact on Roman art. The British Museum’s collection offers a wonderful overview of Etruscan culture, which developed over a period of around 1000 years.
4. The Roman collection
The British Museum houses a substantial collection of Roman art, extending from the beginning of Roman rule in Britain (AD 43) to the end of the Late Antiquity period (AD 400). In this collection you can admire statues, mosaics and furnishings from all over the territory of the Roman Empire. Another interesting element of the Roman-provincial collection of the British Museum is the Lady of Vindolanda. The Lady of Vindolanda is a bronze statue representing a high-class woman. The statue can be dated to the 1st century AD and comes from Vindolanda, an archaeological site located in what is now the United Kingdom.
The ancient Greeks and Romans had a unique perspective on male relationships, which were far-reaching and encompassing all strata of society. This is particularly evident in the story of Hadrian’s strong affection for his lover Antinous, who tragically died in the Nile in AD 130. This sad event evoked deep mourning in Hadrian, leading him to honor Antinous’ memory with a series of monuments and temples.
Hadrian’s love for Antinous was so great that he chose to build the city of Antinoopolis on the site of his death. He created a temple complex dedicated to Osiris-Antinous, which included sculptures and monuments of immense beauty and power. Hadrian also built a house in Tivoli, near Rome, filled with artwork related to Osiris-Antinous. This was a testament to Hadrian’s undying devotion and admiration for his beloved Antinous.
Discovering Rome’s rich history, marble busts from the 2nd century AD were discovered in the city. In Room 70, two beautiful marble busts depicting two lovers are exhibited. These sculptures provide us with an insight into the art and culture of the period and highlight the skill of the artist who created them.
5. The British Collection
Beatrix Potter’s watercolors are a source of joy for many people. His work for The Tale of the Flopsy Bunnies is a favorite of the British Museum and has been enjoyed by generations since it was first created in 1909. Potter’s vibrant and imaginative illustrations bring the stories to life and his influence on children’s literature remains strong even today.
The Museum’s collection of beloved Beatrix Potter stories has been enriched and enhanced with the addition of the storytelling of Flopsy, Peter Rabbit’s sister. Beatrix Potter’s executor sent this narrative to the museum in 1946, providing unique insight into the near escape from Mr. McGregor that Flopsy and her family experienced. This valuable addition to the collection helps us better understand the wonderful stories and characters of Beatrix Potter.
The Sutton Hoo ship at the gallery in room 41 is a remarkable and significant find in British archaeology. This is an Anglo-Saxon burial site dating from the early 7th century AD, discovered in 1939 and containing a wealth of artefacts and treasures. This incredible archaeological site serves as the centerpiece of the gallery, offering visitors the opportunity to explore its fascinating history and discover its secrets. You can have a virtual taste here.
6. The collection of manuscripts
The British Museum is one of the largest and most famous collections of manuscripts in the world which is now almost entirely located in the British Library near King’s Cross station. The collection includes manuscripts from some of the greatest writers and thinkers of all time, such as William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens and Thomas More. The manuscripts are also a valuable source of history and information on the lives of other great figures of the past. The earliest manuscript that can be found in the collection of the British Museum is the Gutenberg Copy, one of the first copies of the Bible printed with movable type. This Bible was printed in 1455 by the famous typographer Johannes Gutenberg and is thought to be the first work printed with movable type. Another manuscript that can be found in the collection of the British Museum is the Codex Sinaiticus, one of the oldest and most complete copies of the New Testament. The Codex Sinaiticus was written in the 4th century AD and contains the original text of the New Testament in Greek. The Codex Sinaiticus is one of the most important sources for the study of Christianity and can be found in the section dedicated to the history of Christianity. Other important manuscripts in the British Museum’s collection include the Poem of the Nibelungs, an Old German tale written in the 13th century, and Beowulf, an Anglo-Saxon epic poem written in the 7th century. Both poems are important examples of medieval literature and can be found in the section dedicated to the history of literature. The British Museum’s manuscript collection is one of the richest and most comprehensive in the world. Manuscripts are a valuable source of history and information about life
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