Brighton is a beautiful city with a fascinating history, vibrant culture and vibrant nightlife located in East Sussex on the south coast of England. It is not a particularly populous city having only 200, 000 inhabitants, but it is also quite well known abroad. Being a seaside town it always has a certain charm.
A brief history of Brighton
The first time Brighton was found in documents was under the name of Bristelmestune, registered in Domesday Book in 1066. Strangely enough this name remained as Brighton’s official name until 1810! The name Beorthelm comes from the word “bord helan” + tūn, which means “the farm of Beorthelm”. This is a common Old English name that is often found in England, in fact now many place names end with ton.
We know that this area has been inhabited for at least 5000 years, archaeologists have discovered a lot, but they are sure there is still a lot to discover. The Romans are standing here, it remains in fact a Roman rental property and passed various Roman roads. Archaeological discoveries of vases and other objects are not lacking.
In 1300 Brighton was a small town with the usual church, bar and a few houses, the real development of the city began in 1700 when rumours started to gaze by the sea and say hello. So the first beach holidays were born. Of course, only the rich could afford them and instead of going to a hotel, they often had a house built. For this reason, we can now see many instances of the penalty 1700 and start 1800 in Brighton and certainly does not lack the Victorian style.
Once the railway arrived in 1840, Brighton grew faster than any other city in Great Britain and during the subsequent Victorian period, many areas were horribly overcrowded, with smelly slums. In the years ’30 Brighton had a bad reputation, there were violent gangs coming to the train station from London. In short, little has changed at great.
Disadvantage the arrival of cheap foreign holidays, Brighton has suffered. Londoners still come to Brighton for a day or weekend break, but they rarely choose to spend their holidays there. It is cheaper to go to Spain or Greece where the single is almost guaranteed. Brighton has suffered, having for a few decades the air of a failed city like Blackpool or Hastings. But it has managed to reinvent itself with a university and an economy of its own. Although tourism and hospitality are an important part of the economy, they are not everything. There are many major companies here and the creative sector is booming. Brighton isn’t just a place for commuters working in London. Brighton with Hove officially became a city in 2000
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What to see in Brighton?
The Palace Pier and the famous Brighton Pavillion The first is the famous pier with a bit of everything above, typical of the second half of the nineteenth century when every seaside town built at least one. Not to be confused with the West Pier, destroyed by storms and fire, now you can see only a part of the skeleton, a somewhat ghostly vision, but which many photographers its weird atmosphere.
The Royal Pavillion or Brighton Structure was built by architect John Nash in oriental style (also responsible for the Regent’s Park and Regent Road in London) for George, the Prince Regent, the future King George IV. It became the seaside home of the royal family until Queen Victoria decided to use Osborne House to the Isle of Wight and the Pavillion was sold to the city of Brighton.
The other, more recent thing that almost everyone who visits the city does is to get on the British Airways i 360 and admire the view. Or go on the Wheel, a Ferris wheel located on the beach.
Museums to see
Like any self-respecting city, also Brighton has several museums. The Brighton Museu m which is located near the Pavillion is worth visiting, not only does it have an excellent permanent collection but the exhibitions are often interesting and very much reflect the spirit of the city. For eternal children, we also find the Brighton Plaything and also Version Gallery which, as the name implies, is dedicated to models, toys and trains. Brighton also has a natural history museum and although not quite a museum also a famous aquarium called Sea Life Brighton
In addition to the usual chain stores found everywhere, the city has a number of small shops of antiques, stamps and coins that you cannot find anywhere else. It also has several interesting markets. You cannot miss The Lanes which are narrow streets full of shops, restaurants and clubs that will make you lose at least one afternoon. You will also find it has a great flea market which is located in Kensington Gardens and is called Snoopers Heaven Or you can go to the Free Market , which despite its name is an indoor market.
Brighton & Hove, what does alarming mean?
Brighton and Hove, the neighbouring town, were joined in 1997 and have only one town hall. Officially the name of the city is supposed to be Brighton & Hove, but everyone calls it Brighton. But you see the official name often and also the football team is called Brighton & Hove Albion Football Club and plays in the Premier Organization.
Culture and nightlife in Brighton
This city is often referred to as the gay capital of the UK , in fact it has a vibrant LGBT+ community that organizes many events. Brighton Pride is one of the most famous in Europe. However, it is a place with so much culture, from exhibitions to concerts, you never get bored. Just think that Londoners often come here to spend the weekend break!
On a day trip from London
It is less than an hour by train from London Victoria station and therefore it is the most visited place by many Londoners when they want to get out of the metropolis and go to the seaside. Trains are frequent and you can go for a day or for a weekend break.