hovenweep-national-monument-in-the-united-states

Hovenweep National Monument in the United States

If you are in those parts of the world, there is a strange place between Utah and Colorado that, while not well-known, is certainly worth a visit.

Although Hovenweep National Monument is well-known for the six ancestral Pueblo village groups, there is also evidence of hunter-gatherer occupation from approximately 8.000 to 6.000 BC up to 200 AD.

That migration marked the beginning of human settlement in Hovenweep. For hundreds of years, these people followed the seasonal pattern and inhabited the region as a result. People began to settle permanently in Hovenweep around the year 900 AD. They farmed the fertile soil on top of the mesa and harvested their crops all year. In the year 1300, the Hovenweep region had a population of over 2.500 people.

The ancient inhabitants of Hovenweep were Pueblo ancestors who lived in the Four Corners region from approximately 500 AD to 1300 AD, living an agricultural lifestyle and building homes that reflect this lifestyle, though they were almost certainly in contact with the inhabitants of other regions.

The ancestral Pueblos prepared their land for cultivation in the same way that modern peasants do. They accomplished this by constructing check dams, catch basins, and terraces on the hillsides.


“auto” as a directory> The number of residential sites in Hovenweep increased by about 900. Like the people of Mesa Verde and Canyon de Chelly National Monuments, the communities of Hovenweep village relocated from the mesa tops to the canyon heads around 1100.

The majority of the buildings in Hovenweep were built between 1200 and 1300 AD. D-shaped houses, square and circular towers, and numerous kivas are among the architectural styles. Hovenweep’s stonework is both aesthetically pleasing and exceptionally high in workmanship and precision. Despite being built on irregular boulders, some structures have survived for over 700 years.

There are several theories about the use of the mysterious Hovenweep towers. They could have been used as astronomical observatories, secure fortifications, warehouses, or public buildings. It could have also been a residential complex or another type of structure.

It appears that at the end of the 13th century, a prolonged drought, possibly combined with resource depletion, sectarianism, and war, forced the people of Hovenweep to flee their homes.

The ancestral Pueblos moved south to New Mexico’s Rio Grande Valley and Arizona’s Little Colorado River Basin.

Hovenweep National Monument was established in 1923 and is managed by the National Park Service.

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